Apache Hudi vs Delta Lake Which is the superior big data storage solution

Apache Hudi vs Delta Lake: In the realm of big data storage solutions, Apache Hudi and Delta Lake emerge as leading contenders, each vying for supremacy in the ever-evolving landscape. This comprehensive guide delves into the intricacies of Apache Hudi and Delta Lake, offering a thorough comparison of features, use cases, and considerations for your big data architecture.

Apache Hudi:


Apache Hudi, short for Hadoop Upserts Deletes and Incrementals, is an open-source data management framework for large-scale, distributed data systems. It brings in support for incremental data processing, data change management, and efficient upserts and deletes.

Key Features:

  1. Incremental Processing: Apache Hudi allows for incremental data processing, enabling efficient updates and inserts without the need to process the entire dataset.
  2. Change Data Capture (CDC): It supports Change Data Capture, tracking changes in data over time. This is particularly valuable for scenarios where only the changes need to be processed.
  3. Upserts and Deletes: Apache Hudi provides native support for upserts (update or insert) and deletes, facilitating efficient and flexible data updates.
  4. Custom Indexing: Custom indexing options are available, allowing users to optimize data retrieval based on specific query patterns.

Delta Lake:


Delta Lake, an open-source storage layer, extends Apache Spark to provide ACID transactions, schema evolution, and time travel capabilities. It is designed to bring reliability and performance to data lakes.

Key Features:

  1. ACID Transactions: Delta Lake ensures Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability (ACID) transactions, providing data consistency and reliability for transactional workloads.
  2. Schema Evolution: It supports schema evolution, allowing for changes in data schema over time without impacting existing data pipelines, ensuring adaptability to changing business requirements.
  3. Time Travel: Delta Lake enables time travel, offering the ability to access historical versions of data. This feature is valuable for auditing, debugging, and maintaining a historical record of changes.
  4. Unified Batch and Streaming Processing: Delta Lake seamlessly unifies batch and streaming processing, offering a consistent programming model for both types of workloads.

Apache Hudi vs Delta Lake: A Comparison

Aspect Apache Hudi Delta Lake
Incremental Processing Yes No
Change Data Capture Yes No
Upserts and Deletes Yes Yes
ACID Transactions No Yes
Schema Evolution No Yes
Time Travel No Yes
Unified Processing No Yes (Batch and Streaming)
Custom Indexing Yes No

External Links:

  1. Apache Hudi Documentation
  2. Delta Lake Documentation


Q1: When to choose Apache Hudi over Delta Lake?

A: Apache Hudi is a suitable choice when incremental processing, change data capture, and custom indexing are critical for your use case. It’s well-suited for scenarios requiring efficient updates and deletes.

Q2: How does Delta Lake handle schema evolution?

A: Delta Lake supports schema evolution, enabling changes to the data schema over time without affecting existing data pipelines. This flexibility is crucial for adapting to changing business requirements.

Q3: Can I use both Apache Hudi and Delta Lake together?

A: While it’s possible to use them together, it’s essential to carefully plan integration to avoid conflicts in their respective features. Evaluate the specific requirements of your use case before considering a combined approach.

Apache Hudi vs Delta Lake: Considerations

Use Cases:

  • Apache Hudi:
    • Ideal for scenarios requiring incremental data processing and efficient handling of upserts and deletes.
    • Well-suited for change data capture (CDC) use cases where tracking data changes is crucial.
  • Delta Lake:
    • Best for use cases requiring ACID transactions, schema evolution, and time travel capabilities.
    • Suitable for scenarios demanding unified batch and streaming processing and historical data versioning.


  • Apache Hudi:
    • Performs well in scenarios where incremental processing and custom indexing are crucial for optimizing query performance.
    • Efficient for use cases with frequent upserts and deletes.
  • Delta Lake:
    • Offers high-performance ACID transactions and seamless integration of batch and streaming processing.
    • Efficient for use cases where schema evolution and time travel features are essential.

Ease of Integration:

  • Apache Hudi:
    • Integrates well with Apache Spark and other big data processing frameworks.
    • Custom indexing options may require careful consideration and planning for optimal integration.
  • Delta Lake:
    • Seamlessly integrates with Apache Spark, providing a unified environment for big data analytics.
    • Straightforward integration with existing Spark workflows.

Community Support:

  • Apache Hudi:
    • Active open-source community with ongoing contributions and updates.
    • Community support and engagement can vary based on the specific features and use cases.
  • Delta Lake:
    • Strong community support, especially within the Apache Spark ecosystem.
    • Regular updates and contributions from a diverse community of users and developers.


The choice between Apache Hudi and Delta Lake hinges on your specific use cases and requirements. Apache Hudi excels in scenarios demanding incremental processing and efficient upserts and deletes. On the other hand, Delta Lake offers a comprehensive solution with ACID transactions, schema evolution, and time travel capabilities. Carefully evaluate your use cases, performance requirements, and integration needs to make an informed decision for your big data architecture.